The study of music, particularly performing music in an ensemble or band, is a powerful way to teach and learn teamwork. The study of music inherently sets challenges for the musician, that must be met with self-discipline, planning, persistence, and collaboration. These are all major components of teamwork.
The teamwork aspect of music education and performance has been well recognized in recent years. Here is an excellent article from Soundlife Music Academy that explores musical teamwork. THis is a great starting point for exploration.
For a more academic approach, see this study by Cornell University as publiched in Science Daily.